Malaysia creates large MPA in Sabah

by Alan Yeung  2016-06-04

Sabah announces a ‘huge’ marine protected area and shark sanctuary with over 1 million hectares covering the peninsula and 50 islands.  It is named Tun Mustapha Park (TMP) after the first official, and will officially be the biggest marine park and second largest coral reef reserve in Malaysia.

The outcome culminates over ten years of government, scientific, community, and nonprofit organization efforts.  The area is worth protecting because of its richness in biodiversity and its impact on local fisheries.

In a 2012 baseline study, Waheed et al. reported 49% of the hard coral cover in TMP, mostly fringing and patch reefs, are in good to excellent condition. Yet, only 7% of the surveyed reefs had 75% or more coverage. There is evidence of blast and poison fishing, but the damages, such as rubble fragments, appear to be old.  Overfishing also seems to be an issue as turtles, sharks and other high-value reef species are missing.

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Live fish trade in The Coral Triangle 珊瑚三角区活鱼贸易

Coral Triangle

by TNP Editor  2015-05-17

According to WWF, “The Coral Triangle is known as the nursery of the seas. Home to 75% of all coral species on the planet and more than 3000 species of fish, the Coral Triangle is a rich, yet fragile ecosystem that supports 120 million people in six countries.” How should we sustainably develop and conserve these resources? These are the challenges we face today.

「珊瑚三角区」是海洋的养鱼场。它拥有全球75%的珊瑚和3000鱼类的品种,珊瑚三角区的生态系统是非常丰富和脆弱的,亦是当地1.2亿居民赖以维生的资源。如何以可持续的发展方式来开发和保存这些海洋资源? 这都是大家面对的挑战。

The Coral Triangle is under threat. One of the major threats is coming from the live reef fish trade, where the use of cyanide to catch reef fish is prevalent.

珊瑚三角区的水底世界正面临威胁。主要威胁之一是来自活鱼的贸易,原因是哪里盛行使用氰化物毒药来捕猎珊瑚鱼。

Watch: Coral Triangle – the live fish trade by WWF 世界自然基金会短片 (2008)

Cyanide fishing targets and stuns the larger market-size reef fish. These fish are sedated by small quantities of cyanide poison. They are then moved to holding pens where they recover and await shipment. And they head to Mainland China and Hong Kong, and some to Malaysia and Singapore.

这种捕鱼方法主要是注射少量的氰化物毒药到礁鱼周边,打晕这些鱼。然后,将捕获的鱼移到休养笼里恢复知觉和等待装运。一般是运往中国内地、香港、马来西亚与新加坡等市场出售。

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